GO-NOT GO plain cylindrical gauges are used to check plain holes to ensure the holes are within tolerance. If the GO member is long enough to check the entire depth of the hole, it is also checking for straightness from top to bottom.
Special design “locating” gauges can be used to check the position of holes. One of the most common uses for plain gauges is to check the minor diameter of tapped holes produced by a drill prior to tapping.
Plain cylindrical gauge are available in four classes, “XX”, “X”, “Y”, and “Z”. “XX” gauges are made to the tightest tolerance and used for master or setting gauges, or for part tolerances that are very precise. “X” tolerance are sometimes used for master gauges or gauging close work. “Y” and “Z” gauges are generally used for inspecting work pieces only.
Selecting the right class of cylindrical gauge is not only important to ensure that it rejects “bad” parts, it is equally important to minimize rejecting valuable “good” parts. If a lower class gauge is used on a tight tolerance part, the gauge tolerance will consume most of the part tolerance, rejecting good parts as being bad.Gage manufactures call this “thievery”, stealing part tolerance for the gauge tolerance.
To ensure accepting the maximum number of good parts, select a class using the “5% rule”. That is, the gauge tolerance should be no more than 5% of the part tolerance. For example, if the part tolerance is 0.001”, the gauge tolerance should be no more than 0.00005”. Select a class that has a 0.00005” tolerance or less.
Gage catalogs or gauge standards publish charts showing the classes and tolerances.